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Feb 12

Article 30 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and its comparison with the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran

What do you know about the Universal Declaration of Human Rights?
Do you know about the 30 articles in this statement?
Do you know that these matters are your inherent rights?

Article 30 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights stipulates:
None of the provisions of this Declaration shall be interpreted as implying the right of a State or of a population or person to be in a position to take any of the rights and freedoms set forth in the Declaration, or to do so in that way.
The last article of the Declaration of Human Rights has prohibited abuse of it. In this way, governments will not be allowed to apply part of the human rights law to overthrow the other part. In other words, no material of the Declaration of Human Rights can be interpreted as a document or document for the denial of material or other material.
In short, the lack of interpretation of the Universal Declaration in favor of governments
And this means that no one can take human rights from you.
Despite all the signatures that the world has made to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, they violate these rights throughout the world every day. The condition of the world is still not that human beings are aware of human rights and can only fight for those rights, where human beings have rights.
There is no country in the world that can claim to have realized 100% of the ideal principles of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
Article 25 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights states: “Everyone has the right to enjoy the standard of living necessary for the health and well-being of himself and his family, especially in terms of food, clothing, housing, medical care and social services.” But Every day, hundreds of thousands of people in the world die from hunger.
The fifth principle states: “No one should be tortured or subjected to cruel, human or humiliating punishment or behavior.” According to Amnesty International’s annual report, it still torture people in many countries of the world.
Article 26 of the Declaration states: “Everyone has the right to education.” But there are more than a billion illiterate people worldwide.
Article 22 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights states: “Everyone as a member of the community has the right to social security.” One and a half billion people live in poverty on this planet. Article 23 of this Declaration states the right to work for all human beings.
The ideas expressed in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights are ideas such as freedom from deprivation and fear, freedom of expression and belief, freedom of religion, the right to progress and happiness of abstract and subjective ideas. These ideas come from the perception of human suffering throughout the centuries, and they are struggling to eliminate the suffering of human beings that are being realized. If we note that every day the rights set forth in the Universal Declaration are violated by individuals, groups and governments, we will find that the objectives set out in this declaration are realistic.
There is always the danger that those who have the power to apply it to other humans will abuse their power, especially if there are no mechanisms to stop this misuse. But for over fifty years, humans have tried to create these mechanisms around the world, mechanisms that conceal themselves behind concepts such as the creation of democracy and the achievement of human rights.
At the international level, the international community has been able to take another step in Vienna, the capital of Austria, in 1993.
At a global conference organized by the United Nations in Vienna on human rights, principles for international cooperation on the protection of human rights around the world were set, as well as an action plan. At the conference, it was emphasized that human rights are universal, protecting these rights is the legal duty of the international community. In this way, all those who ignore human rights can be punished throughout the world, and it is unacceptable for this pretext to be involved in “internal affairs of the country.”

Producer and speaker: Maryam Moradi
Editor: Mohammad Golestanjoo