Nov 06

Article 23 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and its comparison with the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran

What do you know about the Universal Declaration of Human Rights?
Do you know about the 30 articles in this statement?
Do you know that these matters are your inherent rights.
Article 23 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights stipulates that every human being has the right to work and freely choose his work. They want fair and satisfying conditions for their work and be protected against unemployment. This article contains four clauses that emphasize equal pay against equal pay, receive fair remuneration and form trade unions.

The Iranian government has endorsed the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and has acceded to the International Covenant on Human Rights. Therefore, the principles of human rights, as expressed in the Declaration and Covenants, have been endorsed by the Iranian government and committed to its adherence. In addition, it is one of the countries that has the most resolutions on human rights violations by the General Assembly Nations in the last 39 years.
Article 23, paragraph 1, of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights states: “Every human being has the right to own a job and freely choose his occupation, have fair working conditions, and he deserves protection against unemployment.
The Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran, based on Article 1117 of the Iranian Civil Code, can prevent the work of spouses who have a job contrary to their family interests and which is contrary to article 23, paragraph 1, of the International Labor Law.
The weakness of Iran’s laws on sexual abuse at work has increased the likelihood of women’s sexual abuse at work, and in some cases they are less likely to complain of fear of their dignity.
The definition of the child in Iran’s legal system is completely in line with the religious propositions that have a fundamental difference with the human rights system. The Iranian Labor Law prohibits work for children under the age of 15, but thousands of children under the age of 15 are engaged in hard work such as construction and carpet weaving.
In the case of a worker who is deprived of work or those who force shopkeepers, none of these measures are in line with the philosophy that the legislator has in mind.
In the second and third paragraphs of Article 23 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, it is stated that “every human being deserves to receive no equal pay for any discrimination in equal work.” Everyone who deserves to receive a fair and desirable remuneration for the provision of his or her own family It is in agreement with human dignity and should also be provided with supplementary social support if needed.
The working-class community today is struggling with many problems in terms of livelihood and supply of its basic needs.
Note 2, article 7 of the Labor Law states that the government must specify permanent and non-permanent jobs. Unfortunately, the hardworking workers of this country today are suffering from a lack of job stability in difficult times. Job stability is essential for the quality of work, production, economic growth and social well-being.
Article IV, Article 23 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights states: “Everyone has the right to form a trade union to protect his interests or to join trade unions.”
Article 26 of the Constitution of the Islamic Republic has freed up the formation of the organizations, but by adding the phrase “violation of Islamic standards ….”, The practice of this freedom of association has been ineffective.
Chapter 6 of the Labor Law of Iran is also dedicated to workers ‘and workers’ organizations, but the freedom of workers is divided into three types of associations: the Islamic Council, the Guild or the representative of limited workers, and the new powers of this half-way freedom, which include how to formulate the statute of the articles of association And even how it works, it is deposited with the High Council of Workers and the Council of Ministers.
Although the strike is a part of the workers’ right, the Islamic Republic attacks and suppresses it with great violence.
More than 500 strikes, protests and other protests occurred in 1395 in opposition to expulsion or wage demands on wages, wages and improvements in working conditions. Syndicate activists are often charged with charges such as “acting against national security,” “propaganda against the regime,” “insulting the leader,” and other vague charges.
The constitution and laws of the Islamic Republic of Iran are highly discriminatory in terms of work, based on religion, ethnicity, and political opinion. These laws discriminate against women. Independent labor unions are forbidden, and the government has imposed strict control over all the legal entities that apparently must represent workers. Strikes are violently suppressed. Independent trade union activists are increasingly pushing their trade unions away from state intervention. But many of these union activists pay a great deal by expelling, enduring persecution and prosecution, and imprisonment.